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FDSCTE 1120 Alcohol Beer and Wine Exam Answers 2

You are a 50-year-old female who's been drinking since your early teens. This is mostly because of your bad home life. Your living situation hasn't improved, as you are currently homeless after being fired from your new job because you showed up to work intoxicated. This, and several OVIs, has started to define your life. You've tried to quit a few times in the past, but you've always relapsed within a week. What's worse is that the latest withdrawal attempts have been especially hard on you. You're currently trying to quit again, but within a day of your last drink you're starting to experience seizures. Based on this, which treatment option is best for you?
A: inpatient
B: residential
C: outpatient

Show or Reveal the Answer

residential

Patients that are not in an immediate danger of a relapse are usually treated by ___ programs.
A: inpatient
B: residential
C: outpatient

Show or Reveal the Answer

outpatient

The activity of the neurotransmitter ___ is increased when drinking.
A: acetylcholine
B: glutamate
C: GABA
D: melatonin

Show or Reveal the Answer

GABA

An 80 proof bottle of vodka is equal to ___ % ABV.
A: 20
B: 40
C: 60
D: 80

Show or Reveal the Answer

40

In the state of Ohio, which of the following places is considered a public place when determining if a person has violated an open container law?
A: side walk
B: car
C: friends car
D: all of the above

Show or Reveal the Answer

all of the above

Certain types of alcoholic beverages (i.e. very cheaply-made distilled spirits) can give you a more severe hangover than other beverages.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Minor symptoms of alcohol withdrawal start about 6 hours after your last drink and typically peak around:
A: 12 - 18 hours
B: 18 - 24 hours
C: 24 - 30 hours
D: 30 - 36 hours

Show or Reveal the Answer

18 - 24 hours

Which of the following is legal according to Ohio state law?
A: a 16 year old employee helping to stock cases of O'Douls (0.4% ABV) in a grocery store
B: a 19 year old employee at a grocery store helping to stock the wine section in a grocery store
C: a 20 year old volunteer working at a tent that serves beer in a community even
D: all of the above

Show or Reveal the Answer

all of the above

True or False: "Open container" laws are established primarily to curb public intoxication.
“Open container” laws are established primarily to curb public intoxication.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

During Prohibition, "Jake leg" was the result of:
A: poor quality gin
B: drinking tainted rum
C: withdrawal symptoms suffered by people who could no longer obtain alcoholic beverages
D: a neurotoxin added to a medicinal used as a recreation beverage

Show or Reveal the Answer

a neurotoxin added to a medicinal used as a recreation beverage

True or False: Your personal vehicle is not considered a public place, so it's okay to drink in your car while you're on the road.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

FALSE

Local communities (i.e. cities and towns) can pass their own alcohol sales laws.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

What are excise taxes?
A: taxes on income
B: taxes on the production or sale of alcoholic beverages
C: taxes on businesses serving alcoholic beverages
D: taxes on the operation of a brewery

Show or Reveal the Answer

taxes on the production or sale of alcoholic beverages

What enzyme catalyzes the conversion of acetaldehyde to ethanol?
A: acetaldehyde dehydrogenase
B: acetaldehyde decarboxylase
C: alcohol dehydrogenase
D: alcohol dearboxylase

Show or Reveal the Answer

alcohol dehydrogenase

Which enzyme is responsible for catalyzing the conversion of pyruvate to acetaldehyde?
A: pyruvate decarboxylase
B: pyruvate dehydrogenase
C: alcohol decarboxylase
D: alcohol dehydrogenase

Show or Reveal the Answer

pyruvate decarboxylase

Which of the following is true concerning rate of intoxication?
A: People with a lower body fat % than similarly-sized people generally become intoxicated at a slower rate.
B: Alcohol content of a drink in no way affects rate of intoxication.
C: Drinking slower results in increased rates of intoxication.
D: Women become intoxicated at a slower rate compared to similarly-sized men.

Show or Reveal the Answer

People with a lower body fat % than similarly-sized people generally become intoxicated at a slower rate.
People that weigh more generally become intoxicated at a slower rate

___ is the chief excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, and it is opposition to GABA
A: glutamate
B: GABA
C: dopamine
D: adrenaline

Show or Reveal the Answer

glutamate

True or False: Minor alcohol withdrawal symptoms are very similar to the symptoms of a hangover.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Which of the following has the highest alcohol content?
A: 14 proof alcoholic beverage
B: 13% ABV alcoholic beverage
C: 12% ABW alcoholic beverage
D: all of the above choices have the same alcohol concentration

Show or Reveal the Answer

12% ABW alcoholic beverage

Without treatment, DTS are fatal in ___% of cases.
A: 5
B: 10
C: 35
D: 50

Show or Reveal the Answer

35

True or False: The hallucinations one may get with DTs are different from the hallucinations that peak around 12-18 hours after an alcoholic's last drink.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Which of the following is not mentioned in the text of the US government-mandated alcohol warning?
A: Drinking carries a risk of birth defects
B: Drinking may cause health problems
C: Drinking impairs your ability to drive
D: Underage drinking is against the law

Show or Reveal the Answer

Underage drinking is against the law

Which of the following scenarios can classify as binge drinking?
A: Jim drinking 3 wine coolers (1 serving of alcohol per wine cooler) after mowing his lawn.
B: Sally drinking an entire gallon of vodka prior to boarding a plane. The airline won't let her carry the alcohol on board, and she doesn't want to waste the alcohol.
C: Enrique having 3 shots of Crown Royal (1 serving each) on his 21st birthday.
D: none of the above

Show or Reveal the Answer

Sally drinking an entire gallon of vodka prior to boarding a plane. The airline won't let her carry the alcohol on board, and she doesn't want to waste the alcohol.

The relative risk of ___ increases significantly the more drinks you have per day
A: cancer,
B: liver cirrhosis,
C: suicide
D: all of the above

Show or Reveal the Answer

all of the above

Wernicke–Korsakoff Syndrome can result it:
A: ataxia
B: dementia
C: retrograde amnesia
D: all of the above

Show or Reveal the Answer

all of the above

The enzyme involved in the hydrolysis of cellulose is called:
A: ATP
B: amylase
C: cellulase
D: zymase

Show or Reveal the Answer

cellulase

The hallucinations associated with alcohol withdrawal are not really life- threatening
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Which of the following is illegal by Ohio law?
A: bar that sells drinks up until 2:30 am
B: Carrying a case of Bud Light home from a grocery store. You are over 21.
C: A 19 year old waiter serving margeritas at Chili's. She is not working at the bar.
D: Selling a malted beverage that is 15% ABV as beer

Show or Reveal the Answer

Selling a malted beverage that is 15% ABV as beer

Which of the following is illegal by Ohio law?
A: Allowing your 6 year old son to drink 0.4% ABV alcoholic beverages.
B: Allowing your 20 year old son to drink 0.6% alcoholic beverages
C: ABC stores selling Bicardi 151 (a 75.5% ABV rum)
D: Non-ABC stores selling 18% ABV vermouth (a type of fortified wine)

Show or Reveal the Answer

Allowing your 20 year old son to drink 0.6% alcoholic beverages

Why can't you find an alcoholic beverage with 98% ABV?
A: You can. That's what neutral spirits are.
B: Ethanol forms an azeotrope with water at 95% ABV, preventing water from being easily separated from ethanol
C: It is impossible to measure concentrations higher than 95%
D: difference in surface tension prevent concentrations over 95%

Show or Reveal the Answer

Ethanol forms an azeotrope with water at 95% ABV, preventing water from being easily separated from ethanol

The main cancer-causing compound associated with alcohol is:
A: ethanol
B: acetaldehyde
C: acetic acid
D: butyric acid

Show or Reveal the Answer

acetaldehyde

Which of the following is unlawful in Ohio?
A: drinking a beer in an agency store
B: drinking a beer on the sidewalk
C: drinking a beer at a public park
D: all of the above

Show or Reveal the Answer

all of the above

FDSCTE 1120 Alcohol Beer and Wine Exam Answers 1
Which of the following drugs is usually given to people for the purpose of treating for DTs?
A: Adderall
B: Celexa
C: Levitra
D: Valium

Show or Reveal the Answer

Valium

No state can legally prohibit sale of alcoholic beverages on Sunday because it is unlawful by federal law to do that.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

FALSE

The calories in beer and wine are mainly from
A: alcohol and carbohydrates
B: alcohol and protein
C: alcohol and fat
D: just alcohol, with nothing else contributing

Show or Reveal the Answer

alcohol and carbohydrates

Severe symptoms of alcohol withdrawal can begin within hours after an alcoholic's last drink
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Which of the following is legal by Ohio law?
A: A 20 year old waiter at Chili's (a restaurant with a bar) filling in at the bar for another employee. The waiter is told to only sell beer.
B: Drinking beer will hanging out on the sidewalk (defined as a public area) in front of your house
C: A 16 year old carrying a case of Miller Lite from his house to a neighbor's house a block away. The 16 year old has to walk on the sidewalk.
D: A store that is selling a high ABV (22%) wine. The store is not an ABC store.

Show or Reveal the Answer

A 20 year old waiter at Chili's (a restaurant with a bar) filling in at the bar for another employee. The waiter is told to only sell beer.

Caffeine has the effect of ___ the symptoms of alcohol intoxication.
A: decreasing
B: increasing
C: masking
D: caffeine has no effect on the symptoms of alcohol intoxication

Show or Reveal the Answer

masking

Alcohol abuse can cause high blood pressure, elevated fasting glucose, and high triglycerides
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Alcohol production laws serve the purpose of:
A: Establishing standards of identity
B: Ensuring quality control
C: Generating revenue for the government
D: all of the above

Show or Reveal the Answer

all of the above

Most of the addictive properties of alcohol are attributed to changes in the levels of the neurotransmitter ___
A: acetylcholine
B: dopamine
C: gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA)
D: glutamate

Show or Reveal the Answer

dopamine

Alcoholics Anonymous is an example of a ___ treatment program.
A: inpatient
B: residential
C: outpatient

Show or Reveal the Answer

Outpatient

Grocery sales of alcoholic beverages are permitted in Ohio, provided the beverage has under 21% ABV
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Increased activity of the neurotransmitter ___ is responsible for many of the alcohol withdrawal symptoms.
A: acetylcholine
B: dopamine
C: gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA)
D: glutamate

Show or Reveal the Answer

glutamate

True or False: Gin is considered more healthful than red wine
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

FALSE

Which of the following is the usual progression of liver damage in alcoholism?
A: fatty liver > fibrosis > cirrhosis
B: fibrosis > fatty liver > cirrhosis

Show or Reveal the Answer

fatty liver > fibrosis > cirrhosis

Which compound is directly responsible for intoxication symptoms?
A: acetic acid
B: butyric acid
C: ethanol
D: acetaldehyde

Show or Reveal the Answer

ethanol

50% of people of Asian descent have a form of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase that:
A: converts acetaldehyde to acetic acid at a slower rate than people of other ethnicities
B: converts acetaldehyde to acetic acid at a faster rate than people of other ethnicities
C: People of Asian descent lack acetaldehyde dehydrogenase.

Show or Reveal the Answer

converts acetaldehyde to acetic acid at a slower rate than people of other ethnicities

80% of people of Asian ancestry:
A: have a variant of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase that converts alcohol to acetaldehyde at a much slower rate than people of other ethnicities.
B: have a variant of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase that converts alcohol to acetaldehyde at a much faster rate than people of other ethnicities.
C: have a variant of alcohol dehydrogenase that converts alcohol to acetaldehyde at a much slower rate than people of other ethnicities.
D: have a variant of alcohol dehydrogenase that converts alcohol to acetaldehyde at a much faster rate than people of other ethnicities.

Show or Reveal the Answer

have a variant of alcohol dehydrogenase that converts alcohol to acetaldehyde at a much faster rate than people of other ethnicities.

Which of the following is not true about ethanol?
A: it is commonly known as alcohol.
B: It is an inorganic compound
C: Its formula is C2H5OH
D: It is soluble in water.

Show or Reveal the Answer

It is an inorganic compound

Which of the following is an important electron carrier in fermentation?
A: NAD+
B: EDTA
C: ATP
D: ADP

Show or Reveal the Answer

NAD+

Which of the following is not a sign of alcoholism?
A: withdrawal symptoms during abstinence
B: a loss of control over drinking
C: craving for alcohol
D: binge drinking

Show or Reveal the Answer

binge drinking

The liver can metabolize and remove alcohol from our bloodstream at the rate of:
A: 0.015 BAC units/hour
B: 0.15 BAC units/hour
C: 0.10 BAC units/hour

Show or Reveal the Answer

0.015 BAC units/hour

The percentage of federal revenue from excise taxes on alcoholic beverages has ___ since 1950.
A: risen
B: fallen
C: remained the same

Show or Reveal the Answer

fallen

How many kcal/g does ethanol contain?
A: 4 kcal/g
B: 7 kcal/g
C: 9 kcal/g
D: none

Show or Reveal the Answer

7 kcal/g

The ___ receptor is upregulated when you chronically use, then withdraw, from alcohol.
A: NMDA
B: GABA

Show or Reveal the Answer

NMDA

If a 12 fl. oz. beer has a 12% ABV, how many servings of alcohol is that?
A: 1
B: 1.4
C: 2
D: 2.4

Show or Reveal the Answer

2.4
12x0.12=1.44
1.44/0.6=2.4
1 serving of alcohol equals 0.6 fl ounces of pure alcohol (answer: 2.4)

Seizures, as a part of withdrawal symptoms, can start in as little as ___ hours after a chronic user's last drink.
ANSWER: 6

Intoxicated driving laws can go by the name:
ANSWER: Driving Under the Influence

Less than ___% of people who withdraw from alcohol will experience significant withdrawal symptoms
ANSWER: 60

Cirrhosis is caused by the accumulation of ___ in the liver. Pick the compound most directly involved in damaging cells.
ANSWER: acetaldehyde

The polyphenol of greatest health interest in red wine is ___.
ANSWER: resveratrol

It takes ___ chemical reactions to detoxify alcohol in humans.
ANSWER: 2

During alcohol withdrawal, the levels of the neurotransmitter ___ are elevated, resulting in withdrawal symptoms such as elevated blood pressure and heart palpitations.
ANSWER: glutamate

The tax rates for alcoholic beverages are set at the national level by:
ANSWER: the Tax and Trade Bureau

Which of the following is considered beer, by Ohio law?
ANSWER: Mike's Hard Lemonade (5% ABV, malt-based beverage flavored with lemonade)

A serving of alcohol is equal to ___ fl. oz. of alcohol
ANSWER: 0.6

___ fl. oz. of alcohol is equal to one serving.
ANSWER: 0.6

Red wine, due to its ___, has health benefits over gin.
ANSWER: polyphenols

The ___ in red wine provide health benefits over that of other types of alcoholic beverages.
ANSWER: polyphenols

Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome is caused by:
ANSWER: vitamin B1 deficiency

Death from regular alcohol withdrawal (not DTs!-delirium tremens) is usually from:
ANSWER: seizures

Death by DTs is usually from:
ANSWER: respiratory failure

Which of the following scenarios would be considered illegal by Ohio state law?
ANSWER: a restaurant running a "beer for bedtime" promotion, in which the restaurant sells beer at a reduced price from 2:30 a.m. to 3:00 a.m.

Quality control is established in order to prevent ___ of alcoholic beverages:
ANSWER: adulteration

Which of the following products would be considered "wine" by the federal government?
ANSWER: a beverage made from fermented citrus fruit that has an alcohol content of 12%

Which of the following did HB 1337 allow?
ANSWER: beer not intended for sale was exempt from excise taxes

The neurotransmitter ___ plays a major role in reward-motivated behavior, such as when drinking alcohol
ANSWER: dopamine

Fetal alcohol syndrome is characterized by
ANSWER: all of the above

Your uncle has been drinking and continues to drink, alcoholic beverages. He's been drinking a 6 pack of beer every day for as long as you can remember, and you've known him for over 20 years. Check all the neurotransmitter levels you would expect him to have.
1. elevated GABA
2. elevated glutamate

One day, your uncle (the same one as in question 1) decides to quit drinking after hearing that one of his "drinking buddies" has been diagnosed with liver cancer. Check all the neurotransmitter levels you would expect him to have a few days after stopping drinking.
1. elevated GABA
2. elevated glutamate

Months after successfully stopping, your uncle celebrates his 55th birthday as a changed person! Check all the neurotransmitter levels you would expect him to have now.
1. normal GABA
2. normal glutamate

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