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DONE - Alcohol, Tobacco, Other Drugs and The Body 1

Which of the following statements is NOT true? Alcohol usage
A: It is against the law to sell alcohol to anyone under the age of 21.
B: It is against the law to use a false identification card to purchase alcohol.
C: It is against the law to buy or consume alcohol when you're under the age of 21.
D: It is against the law to be in an establishment that serves alcohol unless you're 21.

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It is against the law to be in an establishment that serves alcohol unless you're 21.

What do some recovery support services provide individuals with to reach their recovery goals? Check all that apply
A: providing funding for recreational activities
B: help with employment
C: grocery shopping assistance
D: memberships to fitness clubs

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Help with employment

Which is a direct benefit of prohibiting nicotine and tobacco use in schools?
A: an increase in student enrollment
B: the prevention of second-hand smoke
C: an increase in participation in sports
D: a decrease in the sale of e-cigarettes

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the prevention of second-hand smoke

Which drug is the most commonly used drug among teens?
A: ecstasy
B: inhalants
C: marijuana
D: methamphetamines

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Marijuana

Which symptom is a short-term effect of tobacco use?
A: a buildup of tooth decay
B: a large mass on a lung lobe
C: an increase in glucose levels
D: a decrease in breathing rate

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a buildup of tooth decay

Which is a possible impact of alcohol use on the community?
A: risk of stroke
B: loss of friendships
C: depression
D: injuries to other drivers

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injuries to other drivers

Which drug is an illegal stimulant?
A: motion sickness medication
B: cocaine
C: cold medicine
D: cough syrup

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cocaine

Which is a sign of alcohol overdose?
A: normal speech
B: heavy snoring
C: mild fever
D: slow, irregular breathing

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slow, irregular breathing

Which substance might lead to potentially dangerous addictions if abused?
A: herbal remedies
B: vitamins
C: mineral supplements
D: over-the-counter medications

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over-the-counter medications

Why are government regulations on alcohol sales and consumption an example of environmental treatment strategies?
A: They require individuals to make wise personal choices about alcohol.
B: They target specific groups of people and address societal concerns about alcoholism.
C: They deter large groups of people from purchasing or consuming alcoholic beverages.
D: They raise tax revenues that can be used to fund alcohol awareness and treatment programs.

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B. They target specific groups of people and address societal concerns about alcoholism.

What system is used when a person puts money in a jar each time the nicotine urge hits?
A: remote system
B: reward system
C: renewal system
D: removal system

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reward system

Which is a barrier to leading a substance-free lifestyle?
A: emotional stability
B: fear of judgment
C: decreased spending
D: fewer legal problems

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fear of judgment

Which is a benefit of leading a substance-free lifestyle?
A: increased risk of injuries
B: more job satisfaction
C: fewer legal problems
D: increased struggle in relationships

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fewer legal problems

Which is a benefit of quitting smoking?
A: decreased allergic reactions
B: increased risk of high blood pressure
C: increased asthma problems
D: decreased risk of blood clot formation

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decreased risk of blood clot formation

Which is a reasonable and healthy substitute for using drugs, alcohol, or tobacco?
A: drinking herbal tea or water instead of beer
B: chewing a lot of nicotine gum before smoking
C: using chewing tobacco instead of cigarettes
D: taking prescription drugs instead of drinking alcohol

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drinking herbal tea or water instead of beer

Which is a benefit related to abstaining from alcohol?
A: decreased blood pressure
B: increased medication interactions
C: increased neurological problems
D: decreased fertility

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decreased blood pressure

What strategies can a person practice to prevent the use of harmful substances?
A: avoid activities with others
B: confide in a proven, trusted adult
C: use social media to get peer advice
D: seek friendships only with older people

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confide in a proven, trusted adult

While attending an addiction treatment center, a person can abstain from harmful substances. Which term best describes this activity?
A: triggers
B: engaging
C: negotiating
D: detoxification

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detoxification

Which problem is shown to increase with smoking?
A: infertility rates
B: sperm production
C: blood oxygen levels
D: blood glucose levels

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infertility rates

Which option will provide the best outcome when saying no to harmful substances?
A: Leave the location.
B: Ignore the person.
C: Limit the amount.
D: Ask for more time.

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Leave the location.

What example represents a healthy alternative to curb nicotine cravings?
A: candy bars
B: potato chips
C: sugar-free gum
D: chewing tobacco

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sugar-free gum

What strategy is being used when a person makes the conscious decision not to drink?
A: Barrier Strategy
B: Refusal Strategy
C: Approval Strategy
D: Analyzing Strategy

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Refusal Strategy

Robin's friends are pressuring her into using cocaine. Which factor will most likely lead her to try the drug?
A: fear of getting addicted
B: knowledge of side-effects
C: curiosity about the experience
D: desire to stay out of trouble

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curiosity about the experience

Rachel has successfully avoided all temptations to drink alcohol throughout high school. What would be Rachel's best option for continuing the healthy lifestyle?
A: increase sugar intake to curb alcohol cravings
B: don't go to bars or socialize
C: isolate herself from family members to reduce temptation
D: reward herself for sticking to her goals

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reward herself for sticking to her goals

Rachel has successfully avoided all temptations to drink alcohol throughout high school. What could she do to reward herself?
A: have a drink
B: go for a hike
C: eat healthy snacks
D: buy a new game

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buy a new game

Sophia's doctor suspects she's been using marijuana for a long period of time. Which set of symptoms best describes what Sophia's doctor observes?
A: Sophia exhibits impaired memory and learning.
B: Sophia is hoarse and malnourished with nosebleeds.
C: Sophia complains of itching, nausea, and a racing heart.
D: Sophia has severe dental problems, anxiety, and a sleep disorder.

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Sophia has severe dental problems, anxiety, and a sleep disorder.

Sophia wants to encourage her friends to participate in a healthy activity that does not involve drug or alcohol use. Which activity should she suggest?
A: going to a neighborhood bar
B: chewing tobacco instead of smoking
C: working out in a gym
D: going to an older friend's party

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working out in a gym

Nirmala would like to make sure she is ready to say no when offered drugs. Which action should she take first?
A: develop strategies
B: plan
C: determine outcomes
D: refuse

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plan

Anna suffers from motion sickness every time she rides in her school bus. Her doctor has asked her to take some nonprescription motion sickness medicine. What should she do to avoid abuse?
A: use the drug in half the dosage to avoid side effects
B: take the drug according to her mother's instructions
C: take the drug according to package instructions
D: use the drug in double dosage every time she feels sick

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c. take the drug according to package instructions

Which of the following is NOT a service provided by the US Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration?
A: publications
B: a cure for alcoholism
C: Internet websites
D: toll-free help lines

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B. a cure for alcoholism

Underage drinking is __________.
A: legal
B: safe
C: unavoidable
D: dangerous

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D. dangerous

Which of the following is an environmental treatment option for alcoholism?
A: zero-tolerance policies
B: 12-step programs
C: outpatient therapy
D: inpatient treatment

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A. zero-tolerance policies

Which of the following is a strategy for remaining alcohol-free?
A: lie to your parents
B: know alcohol-related urban myths
C: seek out situations where alcohol is served
D: prepare excuses

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D. prepare excuses

Individuals with less severe problems with alcohol are most likely to benefit from __________.
A: hospitalization
B: 12-step programs like Alcoholics Anonymous
C: family therapy
D: counseling

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D. counseling

Local business are most likely to sponsor alcohol awareness programs __________.
A: at the federal level
B: in other cities and states
C: nationally
D: within their local community

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D. within their local community

Which is a personal reason for using tobacco?
A: weight loss
B: peer pressure
C: family use
D: celebrity use

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weight loss

What do effective treatment options provide?
A: medical care
B: overnight cures
C: one therapy for all ages
D: a focus on drinking moderately

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medical care

How does planning activities at your own home help you avoid situations involving alcohol?
A: Your home life does not involve situations with alcohol use.
B: Alcohol use is almost always tied to group events outside the home.
C: You can control whether or not there is alcohol in your home.
D: Planning activities at home does not help you avoid situations involving alcohol.

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C. You can control whether or not there is alcohol in your home.

Which of these factors may affect a person's blood alcohol concentration?
A: gender
B: race
C: blood type
D: age

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gender

Who would most likely develop an alcohol addiction in adulthood?
A: a teen who uses alcohol to cope with family problems
B: a teen who has a drink with friends at a birthday party
C: a young adult who drinks once a week after work with friends
D: a young adult who serves as the designated driver for parties

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a teen who uses alcohol to cope with family problems

Which symptom describes a short-term effect of using methamphetamines?
A: alertness
B: slow heart rate
C: anxiety
D: sleeping disorders

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alertness

__________ is a short-term risk associated with tobacco use.
A: Yellow teeth
B: Coughing
C: Aging of the skin
D: All of the above

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D. All of the above

Tobacco is __________.
A: created in laboratories
B: obtained from plants
C: an animal by-product
D: free of harmful components

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B. obtained from plants

Which of the following groups is affected by tobacco use?
A: tobacco users
B: society
C: families of tobacco users
D: all of the above

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D. all of the above

Which is one purpose of creating federal laws and policies for tobacco use?
A: to help people stop using tobacco products
B: to implement health events aimed at fighting tobacco use
C: to monitor the trends in tobacco use across demographics
D: to reduce the amount of money spent on tobacco products

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to help people stop using tobacco products

Which statement describes tobacco?
A: It is classified as an addictive drug.
B: It decreases heart rate and blood pressure.
C: There is a low risk of developing stroke.
D: It causes the level of dopamine in the brain to decrease.

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It is classified as an addictive drug.

Which of the following statements about environmental factors is NOT true?
A: Peer pressure is the number one reason why adolescents make bad decisions regarding alcohol.
B: Adolescents are more likely to drink alcohol if they choose friends who don't drink.
C: The media often portrays drinking alcohol as cool or glamorous, leading some adolescents to drink.
D: Parental disapproval of alcohol causes many adolescents to avoid drinking.

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B. Adolescents are more likely to drink alcohol if they choose friends who don't drink.

Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A: Alcoholics are able to stop drinking anytime they want.
B: Alcoholics will stop drinking if people tell them they have a problem.
C: Alcoholics can stop drinking if they can admit that there is a problem.
D: Alcoholics can stop drinking without help from other people.

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C. Alcoholics can stop drinking if they can admit that there is a problem.

Tobacco products have little effect on society.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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FALSE

Exposure to alcohol affects the blood supply to the fetus and can cause physical deformities to the face, eyes, and heart.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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TRUE

In general, the benefits of smoking greatly outweigh the health risks.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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FALSE

Nicotine is an extremely addictive substance.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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TRUE

Alcoholics generally feel dependent on alcohol and crave it, which is why it's hard for them to stop drinking.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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TRUE

Pregnant women can protect their fetus from developing fetal alcohol syndrome by not drinking alcohol during pregnancy.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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TRUE

Involuntary functions, such as breathing, may shut down if a person has alcohol poisoning.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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TRUE

Environmental factors, such as friends, family, and the media, have little influence on whether or not someone chooses to drink or not to drink.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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FALSE

April has only consumed one glass of wine, so her body isn't affected by the alcohol because short-term effects only begin with the second drink.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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FALSE

Although Joshua is an alcoholic, he is able to control his drinking when he parties with his friends.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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FALSE

When a woman drinks alcohol during pregnancy, the baby is also drinking alcohol because blood freely passes from the woman's blood stream into the fetus's blood stream.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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TRUE

Tara would be considered an alcoholic because she continues to drink alcohol even though her doctor has warned her of the severe health damages it's causing.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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TRUE

Someone who is uncomfortable saying "no" to alcohol in front of peers is weak.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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FALSE

A standard drink is equal to 12.7 grams of pure alcohol.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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FALSE

The cure for alcoholism is too expensive for most people to afford it.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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FALSE

Alcohol treatment options can vary depending upon the severity of an individual's alcohol problem.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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TRUE

Saying, "I'll wake up with a headache if I drink tonight," is an example of using an excuse to remain alcohol-free.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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TRUE

One strategy to remain alcohol-free is to be armed with facts about alcohol use.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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TRUE

Explain the short-term and long-term effects that alcohol has on the cardiovascular system and describe two preventative measures people could take if they want to avoid these effects.
The short-term effects that alcohol has on the cardiovascular system depends on how much alcohol is consumed. Low consumption of alcohol increases one's heart rate and blood pressure. However, high consumption decreases one's heart rate and blood pressure and can cause heart rhythms to become irregular. Long-term effects of alcohol include high blood pressure, enlarged heart, and damage to heart muscles. Two preventive measures people could take to avoid these effects are to abstain from drinking alcohol or minimizing the amount of alcohol one drinks.

Imagine that you're working in a health department and have been tasked with creating a handout that outlines the effects of alcohol on a fetus. Explain what fetal alcohol syndrome is and explain in detail one harmful effect that you believe parents should know about.
Fetal alcohol syndrome is a group of alcohol-related birth defects that can occur when alcohol is consumed during a pregnancy. Exposure to alcohol can cause the fetus to be born with deformities to the face, eyes, ears, bones, brain, heart, and kidneys. Alcohol can also cause mental retardation and damage parts of the brain and the central nervous system. Children with fetal alcohol syndrome may suffer from behavioral difficulties, such as hyperactivity, impulse control, and control over language outbursts. Children may also have difficulty with memory, language, and communication skills.

Which of the following is NOT true about alcohol and sexual activity?
A: Drinking alcohol may cause people to have sex with multiple or unknown partners.
B: Drinking alcohol may lead to risky sexual behaviors, such as unprotected sex.
C: Drinking alcohol may lead to enhanced sensitivity while engaging in sexual activity.
D: Drinking alcohol increases the likelihood of engaging in sexual activity.

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Drinking alcohol may lead to enhanced sensitivity while engaging in sexual activity.

Approximately, how many commercials promoting alcoholic beverages do teens see each year?
A: 500
B: 1,000
C: 1,500
D: 2,000

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D: 2,000

95% of violent crimes committed on college campuses are alcohol-related: Please select the best answer from the choices provided.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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TRUE

Paula believes that drinking will help her relax and calm her nerves: Which of the following factors is most likely influencing her decision to drink alcohol?
A: risk-taking
B: expectations
C: hereditary
D: environmental

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expectations

Drinking five ounces of wine is better for the body than drinking twelve ounces of beer because there's less pure alcohol in a glass of wine.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

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FALSE

Why is alcoholism considered a chronic disease?
A: Alcoholism requires lifelong treatment.
B: It is marked by the sudden onset of severe symptoms.
C: Alcoholism must be cured repeatedly throughout life.
D: It can be overcome with proper treatment.

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Alcoholism requires lifelong treatment.

Why is the simplest strategy for remaining alcohol-free simply to avoid situations where alcohol is present?
A: This method is the least expensive and thus the most effective.
B: You cannot be tempted to drink alcohol if none is available.
C: You should never be involved with situations where alcohol is available anyway.
D: You can choose when and how often you wish to drink alcohol.

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You cannot be tempted to drink alcohol if none is available.

All of the following are examples of non-profits that work towards educating people about alcohol and aiding in the process of rehabilitation EXCEPT:
A: Alcoholics Anonymous
B: Salvation Army youth service
C: Boys and Girls Club of America
D: American Red Cross addiction program

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Boys and Girls Club of America

An individual alcohol treatment program is most likely to be sought out by __________.
A: the family of the person with the alcohol problem
B: the individual with the alcohol problem
C: local government officials
D: police and corrections officers

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the individual with the alcohol problem

Which source is most likely to contribute reliable and reputable information about finding alcohol education programs?
A: school friends
B: general Internet searches
C: the police department
D: late-night television

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the police department

Which of the following is NOT an alcohol-related fact?
A: Drinking can be fatal.
B: Everyone is drinking.
C: Underage drinking can lead to serious problems as an adult.
D: Underage drinking is illegal.

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Everyone is drinking.

Thomas is an adolescent who often seeks out potentially harmful situations without thinking about the consequences: Which of the following factors is most likely influencing his decision to drink alcohol? Please select the best answer from the choices provided.
A: hereditary
B: environmental
C: expectations
D: risk-taking

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risk-taking

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