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Human Rights Awareness Education N-US649-HB

Question: You have just attended a conference in a city known for rising crime rates and intensifying public anger. You're on your way to the airport in a secured vehicle. The vehicle stops; a crowd has gathered in the middle of the street as local security forces attack a street youth they have been pursuing. The onlookers cheer as the officers handcuff and start beating the defenseless suspect, and some in the crowd even join in, kicking and throwing objects. What should you do?
ANS: Tell the driver to turn around. Intervene with moral dissuasion if necessary to prevent grievous harm; otherwise disengage, snap a photo or take notes, and report the incident.

Question: It is policy to oppose prostitution, forced labor, and any related activities that may contribute to the phenomenon of Trafficking in Persons (TIP) as it is:
ANS: Inherently harmful and dehumanizing.

Question: Human rights include protections against (Select all that apply):
A: Hostage-taking
B: Extrajudicial executions, genocide, unlawful detention, and torture
C: Denial of basic social, economic, and religious rights
D: All of these

ANS: All of these

Question: The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established by international treaty at a United Nations conference in Rome on 17 July 1998 and covers cases of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. The United States _____________.
ANS: Supports the prosecution of such cases in the domestic courts or in ad hoc international tribunals even though it has not ratified the treaty

Question: Which of the following is true of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)?
ANS: Many of its provisions are regarded as Customary International Law.

Question: All of the following are true of the 1977 Additional Geneva Protocols, except:
ANS: Some nations in the SOUTH AOR do NOT recognize the 1977 Additional Geneva Protocols.

Question: Which of the following statements about the 1977 Additional Geneva Protocols is FALSE?
A: The U.S. recognizes many of their provisions as Customary International Law.
B: All nations in the USSOUTHCOM AOR are parties to the 1977 Additional Geneva Protocols.
C: Some nations in the USSOUTHCOM AOR do NOT recognize the 1977 Additional Geneva Protocols.
The U.S. is not a party to the 1977 Additional Geneva Protocols.
ANS: Some nations in the USSOUTHCOM AOR do NOT recognize the 1977 Additional Geneva Protocols.

Question: Although personnel do not fall under the jurisdiction of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, most host nation personnel in the SOUTH AOR do. Which of the following are possible consequences of prosecution in the Inter-American Court?
A: Reopening of domestic prosecution against the accused.
B: Fines and reparations paid by the host nation government.
C: Mandated changes to policy, laws, or even the host nation's constitution.
D: All of these

ANS: All of these

Question: Which of the following activities have all SOUTH partner nations agreed to engage in as part of the Human Rights Initiative?
ANS: Focus on human rights doctrine, education and training, internal control systems, and cooperation with civilian authorities.

Question: Which of the following describes a period in which respect for human rights made substantial, historic progress?
A: Development of international and treaty law (16th and 17th centuries).
B: Development of binding international agreements and customary international law (late 20th century).
C: Application of humane principles to warfare (18th century).
D: All of these.

ANS: All of these.

Question: If you encounter persons you believe are being employed under coercive circumstances, you should:
ANS: Immediately leave and report your observations through your chain of command.

Question: Should you encounter a suspected human rights violation by a member of the host nation security forces, what should you do next, assuming there is no further threat of loss of life or grievous injury?
ANS: Make a record of the events that you witnessed, using recording media if possible, and report the events to your COC. Question: Human rights include protections against:
A: Hostage-taking
B: Denial of basic social, eco, and religious rights
C: Extrajudicial executions, genocide, unlawful detention, and torture
D: All of these

ANS: All of these

Question: Which of the following is a condition under which the International Criminal Court, to which most nations in the USSOUTHCOM AOR are subject, might have jurisdiction?
A: If there is some question as to the nationality of the accused.
B: If the accused is a national of a State Party to the treaty.
C: If the case has been dismissed by the UN Security Council.
D: All of these
ANS: All of these

Question: Which of the following documents was the first to formally declare the inalienable rights of all mankind?
A: The U.S. Declaration of Independence
B: The English Bill of Rights
C: The French Declaration of the Rights of Man
D: All of these
ANS: All of these

Question: It is DOD policy to oppose prostitution, forced labor, and any related activities that may contribute to the phenomenon of TIP as it is:
ANS: Inherently harmful and dehumanizing.

Question: The US accepts the position that certain fundamental human rights fall within the category of:
ANS: Customary International Law.

Question: Modern military missions to protect civilians from the actions of terrorists and illegal armed groups often make soldiers:
ANS: The first line of defense in respect for human rights.

Question: Which of the following is an important US military capability according to Joint Doctrine of FID?
ANS: Influence the professionalism...

Question: During a lunch break at a Subject Matter Expert Exchange in a country that is increasingly threatened by illegal armed groups (IAG) associated with drug trafficking, a host nation military officer pulls you aside. He confides in you that he commands a unit that operates in a region in which the government is unpopular and the population often supports the IAGs. Recently his unit came under fire from IAG members hiding behind/protected by a group of unarmed but angry youths who had been protesting the military's presence in their town. Members of his unit were critically injured and the unit was forced to disengage. Against this tactic, he says, the only option is to consider the protestors to be hostile combatants and engage them. What do you tell him?
ANS: "Under the Law of Armed Conflict, soldiers have a right to self defense. They must use force proportionally in order to minimize or prevent harm to civilians. However, you should consult your operational lawyer and senior command."

Question: Several nations in the USSOUTHCOM AOR are leading the way on military human rights reform. They are making important advances in
A: reliance on peacekeepers and other international security forces.
B: allowing international observers to make recommendations on rooting out police corruption.
C: implementing new operational rules for safeguarding civilian security.
D: All of these
ANS: All of these

Question: What is your role in the Human Rights Initiative as a DOD representative?
A: Formally investigate cases of alleged human rights violations.
B: Provide advice and leadership on human rights matters pertaining to the military.
C: Enforce host nation compliance with human rights norms.
D: All of these
ANS: All of these

Question: What are human rights?
ANS: Freedoms, immunities, and benefits that are deemed universal, inherent, and inalienable possessions of all mankind.

Question: When does human rights law require a nation to guarantee the fundamental human rights of its citizens?
ANS: During both peacetime and war, including internal armed conflict.

Question: You witness a host-country military officer physically abusing his trainee in a clearly life-threatening manner. What should you do?
A: Persuade the officer to desist, intervening with moral dissuasion as long as it poses no serious threat to your safety or your mission. Record and report this incident.
B: Persuade the officer to desist, warning that failure to comply will result in a direct report to his superiors.
C: Recognizing that a life is at stake, immediately intervene with violent force. Record the incident and report it to your chain of command.
D: All of these
ANS: All of these

Question: You are part of an inter-agency team supporting trafficking interdictions in the Caribbean. For technical reasons you are required to board an intercepted vessel once U.S. law enforcement counterparts have detained suspects. Although you are not a direct part of the law enforcement mission, while aboard, you are very surprised to see a U.S. civilian official assaulting a handcuffed suspect under interrogation. The official shouts a warning to the suspect and postures to strike him again. Other personnel on the scene also appear surprised but hesitate to act. What should you do?
ANS: Intervene by discreetly using moral dissuasion (i.e. take the officer aside, so as not to raise legal questions in front of the detainee) to prevent the official from continuing to assault the suspect. Record and report your observations.

Question: Which of the following can result from U.S. personnel failing to respect human rights or failing to convey the importance of respect for human rights to host nation personnel?
A: Damage to the military mission.
B: Damage to U.S. national security interests.
C: All of the answers are correct.
ANS: All of the answers are correct.

Question: Which of the following are signs of possible trafficking in persons activity?
A: Employees living at the work site or driven between quarters and work by a guard
B: Employees do not appear to have personal freedom to leave without permission; barred windows, locked doors, surveillance devices
C: Bar owner or other authority figure appears to be monitoring employees' contact with clients overly closely.
D: All of the answers are correct.
ANS: All of the answers are correct.

Question: To which of the following conventions is the United States obligated?
A: The Four Geneva Conventions (1949)
B: International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1976)
C: Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. (1987)
D: All of the answers are correct.
ANS: All of the answers are correct.

Question: You are a guest monitoring a host nation training activity being conducted by a host nation military officer who is preparing younger officers for operations in support of law enforcement, such as protection of a prison perimeter during a police raid to quell an inmate riot. The instructor describes a scenario in which soldiers on the perimeter capture a fleeing inmate and are holding him for turnover to police custody. The instructor suggests that because the police are preoccupied, the soldiers would be permitted to aggressively interrogate the inmate about other inmates who may have planned the riot, using death threats to intimidate the suspect. Some of the students turn and look at you quizzically, as if trying to ascertain your opinion on the matter. What do you do?
ANS: Politely ask the instructor for clarification on national laws regarding military authorities in such missions, and also on the interrogation method described, given its human rights implications. Report the problematic training to your chain of command.

Question: You're off duty at a host nation restaurant and while looking for the bathroom accidentally stumble into the kitchen. There you see a young boy washing dishes and to your horror you notice that his ankle is cuffed to the leg of the basin. You should
ANS: Immediately leave and report your observations through your chain of command.

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