Pages

Unit 4: Food, Health, Diets, Guidelines, Body Test Answers

Unit 4: Food and Health

Question: TRUE OR FALSE: Fat in the body helps to protect vital organs.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Question: TRUE OR FALSE: A person's metabolism remains constant throughout life. Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

FALSE

Question: TRUE OR FALSE: A deficiency in zinc might result in stunted growth. Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Question: Which macronutrient is vital for every function of the body?

A: water
B: fats
C: proteins
D: carbohydrates

Show or Reveal the Answer

A: water

Question: Carbohydrates are nutrients that supply the main energy source for the body, in the form of sugars.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Question: Where did Barbara make an error in placement of a nutrient?

A: fats
B: vitamins
C: water
D: carbohydrates

Show or Reveal the Answer

A: fats

Question: Barbara creates a table of the six essential nutrients.


Show or Reveal the Answer

Macronutrients
Micronutrients
Carbohydrates
Fats
Proteins
Vitamins
Water
Minerals

Question: TRUE OR FALSE: A calorie is another term for carbohydrate.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

FALSE

Question: What can be the cause of weakened muscle and kidney functioning?

A: too little potassium
B: too much potassium
C: too little calcium
D: too much calcium

Show or Reveal the Answer

D: Too much calcium

Question: TRUE OR FALSE: Minerals are inorganic substances that the body cannot produce on its own.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Question: What percent of one's daily caloric intake should come from carbohydrates?

A: 10 - 35%
B: 20 - 35%
C: 45 - 65%
D: 70 - 75%

Show or Reveal the Answer

C: 45-65%

Question: Grains, seeds, nuts and root vegetables are examples of _________ carbohydrates and they take a __________ amount of time to break down, allowing one to feel full longer.

A: simple...longer
B: complex...shorter
C: simple...shorter
D: complex...longer

Show or Reveal the Answer

D: complex...longer

Question: TRUE OR FALSE: The body can get water from milk, juices, fruits, and vegetables.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Question: Where are the macronutrients located on a nutritional label?

A: on the left
B: on the top
C: on the bottom
D: on the right

Show or Reveal the Answer

B: On the top

Question: Which of the following is NOT a function of the recommended dietary allowance (RDA)?

A: to prevent nutrient deficiencies
B: to reduce the risk of disease
C: to meet nutritional needs
D: to prevent nutrient overdoses

Show or Reveal the Answer

D: to prevent nutrient overdoses

Question: __________ contain all nine essential amino acids.

A: Simple carbohydrates
B: Incomplete proteins
C: Complete proteins
D: Complex carbohydrates

Show or Reveal the Answer

C: Complete proteins

Unit 4: Guidelines for Healthy Eating

Question: Referencing the product below, what is one serving size in cups? Brown rice: 20 cups of rice per container.Servings per container: 40

A: 1/2 Cup
B: 2 Cups
C: 20 Cups
D: 40 Cups

Show or Reveal the Answer

A: 1/2 Cup

Question: A serving of food that has 10% to 19% of a nutrient based on a 2,000-calorie diet is considered to have __________.

A: low nutritional value
B: good nutritional value
C: average nutritional value
D: excellent nutritional value

Show or Reveal the Answer

B: good nutritional value

Question: Processed, low-fat foods are typically low in calories.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

FALSE

Question: Foods that have 35% of a daily intake of a nutrient are classified the same as those that have 20%.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Question: Acne is caused by __________.

A: a strict diet
B: eating at night
C: hormones
D: dry skin

Show or Reveal the Answer

C: hormones

Question: Vitamins A, vitamin C, calcium, and __________ are required to appear on nutritional labels.

A: iron
B: zinc
C: potassium
D: phosphorus

Show or Reveal the Answer

A: iron

Question: Which of the following is NOT a step one can take to prevent food borne illnesses?

A: cooking foods to an appropriate temperature
B: refrigerating food within two hours of preparation
C: cutting all meats with the same knife
D: keeping ready-to-eat food separate from raw food

Show or Reveal the Answer

C: cutting all meats with the same knife

Question: Weight gain occurs when a person consumes too much/many __________.

A: calories
B: fat
C: carbohydrates
D: protein

Show or Reveal the Answer

A: calories

Question: The acronym FDA stands for __________.

A: Federal Dietary Association
B: Food and Diet Association
C: Federal Dietary Administration
D: Food and Drug Administration

Show or Reveal the Answer

D: Food and Drug Administration

Question: Fresh fruit can be contaminated by the water used to wash it.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Question: Organic foods tend to have higher levels of nutrients than nonorganic foods.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

False

Question: Nutritional labels list only healthy nutrients.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

False

Question: The expiration date on a product refers to the last date a product should be __________.

A: sold to a customer
B: used before chances of spoiling increase
C: packaged and put out on the shelves
D: thrown away if not eaten

Show or Reveal the Answer

B: used before chances of spoiling increase

Question: 1 in 4 daily calories should come from fat. quizlet

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

FALSE

Question: 2 in 4 daily calories should come from fat.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

False

Unit 4: Healthy Body Composition

Question: Over half of Americans have a BMI over 30, placing them in the obese category.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

FALSE

Question: Which of the following is NOT true about how medical problems affect body composition?

A: Medical problems can improve one's body composition.
B: Medical problems can influence a person's diet and exercise habits.
C: Medical problems can cause people to have unhealthy body compositions.
D: Medical problems can influence how one's metabolism works.

Show or Reveal the Answer

A: Medical problems can improve one's body composition.

Question: Genetics can influence the amount of body fat an individual possesses.

A: True
B: False

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Question: Sophie's total body fat is 30%, which places her in the healthy body fat range.

A: True
B: False

Show or Reveal the Answer

FALSE

Question: Which of the following is NOT a part of the body's nonfat components?

A: internal organs
B: skin
C: muscle
D: tendons

Show or Reveal the Answer

B: Skin

Question: Which of the following is a consequence of too much body fat?

A: diabetes
B: death
C: high blood pressure
D: all of the above

Show or Reveal the Answer

D: All of the above

Question: Which of the following statements is TRUE about body composition?

A: Body composition is the percentage of fat to lean body mass.
B: Body composition is a measure of one's body weight.
C: Body composition is a measure of one's essential body fat.
D: Body composition is not a good indicator of overall health.

Show or Reveal the Answer

A: Body composition is the percentage of fat to lean body mass.

Question: Paul has been clinically diagnosed with depression, so he takes a lot of prescription drugs. Based on this information, which of the following is most likely to influence his body composition?

A: metabolism
B: energy balance
C: genetics
D: medical problems

Show or Reveal the Answer

D: medical problems

Question: Which of the following is NOT true about energy balance?

A: Energy balance is influenced by the amount of exercise one gets and their dietary habits.
B: Inactive people use more energy so they should consume fewer calories.
C: Stored body fat will increase if calorie intake is greater than energy used.
D: Energy balance is the balance between the amount of calories consumed and the amount used for energy.

Show or Reveal the Answer

B: Inactive people use more energy so they should consume fewer calories.

Question: Which of the following does NOT influence one's body composition?

A: metabolism
B: financial problems
C: childhood obesity
D: medical problems

Show or Reveal the Answer

B: financial problems

Question: Which of the following is NOT true about essential body fat?

A: The human body would not function normally without essential body fat.
B: Essential body fat accounts for about 3% of men's total weight.
C: The percentage of essential body fat is the same for both males and females.
D: Essential body fat is found in one's organs, bones, and muscles.

Show or Reveal the Answer

C: The percentage of essential body fat is the same for both males and females.

Question: The human body consists of two types of fat components: essential body fat and storage body fat.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Question: Which of the following is NOT a consequence of too little body fat?

A: increased cholesterol
B: organ failure
C: death
D: altered hormones

Show or Reveal the Answer

A: increased cholesterol

Question: Which of the following is NOT true about storage body fat?

A: Storage body fat acts as an insulator to the body.
B: Storage body fat helps increase the effects of aging.
C: Storage body fat reduces the impact to internal organs during falls.
D: Storage body fat is converted to energy when needed.

Show or Reveal the Answer

B: Storage body fat helps increase the effects of aging.

Question: A certain percentage of body fat is essential for the body to function effectively.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Unit 4: Diets

Question: Which statement BEST describes a lifestyle with healthy eating habits?

A: John and his family follow a diet plan that consists of healthy foods. If they begin to gain weight, they eat only protein until their weight drops to where they want it to be.
B: Shannon and Shandra watch their weight carefully. They eat diets with no fat or sweets. Because of their plan, they stay very thin.
C: Andrew is a wrestler and needs to stay at a consistent weight. In order to do so, he follows the dietary recommendations of a dietician carefully and always maintains a balanced diet.
D: Maria and her brother Jose are obsessed with their appearance. In order to maintain a super-skinny look, Maria eats a low-calorie, no-fat, high-protein diet. In order to stay bulked up, Jose eats all protein and fats.

Show or Reveal the Answer

C: Andrew is a wrestler and needs to stay at a consistent weight. In order to do so, he follows the dietary recommendations of a dietician carefully and always maintains a balanced diet.

Question: How many calories are the basis for the calculation of the percent daily values?

A: 1,500
B: 1,750
C: 2,000
D: 2,500

Show or Reveal the Answer

C: 2,000

Question: How does a food pyramid help individuals eat a healthy diet?

A: A food pyramid illustrates the chemicals and additives put in foods so individuals can plan a diet with more natural ingredients.
B: A food pyramid makes suggestions on what food groups should be included in a healthy diet and what percentage of the diet each group should make up.
C: A food pyramid tells individuals the exact foods to eat each day and how much of each they can consume.
D: A food pyramid helps individuals plan their diet by giving guidelines on vitamins, minerals, and calories to consume each day.

Show or Reveal the Answer

B: A food pyramid makes suggestions on what food groups should be included in a healthy diet and what percentage of the diet each group should make up.

Question: The water weight lost while taking a diuretic is only temporary. Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

True

Question: A diet rich in fiber and fluids would be most beneficial for people with __________.

A: constipation
B: diabetes
C: high blood pressure
D: milk allergies

Show or Reveal the Answer

A: constipation

Question: Sanchez consumes a diet where he will not eat pork and will not eat meat with dairy products. He is most likely following this type of diet.

A: diabetic
B: kosher
C: low-fat
D: vegetarian

Show or Reveal the Answer

B: kosher

Question: A kosher diet is an example of a diet that is based on __________.

A: morals and beliefs
B: laws and illnesses
C: health status and preferences
D: wishes and medications

Show or Reveal the Answer

A: morals and beliefs

Question: In order to lose 12 pounds, your friend wants to fast for a week. You don't think it is a good ideA: Which of the following statements BEST explains why she should not fast and provides her with a better alternative?

A: Fasting can lead to fatigue or dizziness, so it would be best to follow a low-carbohydrate diet to lose weight.
B: Fasting can cause the metabolism to slow down, so it would be better to follow a well-balanced diet that has reduced calories.
C: Fasting is ineffective because it's hard to maintain, so it would be best to take diet pills instead.
D: Fasting will cause you to have low energy, so a liquid diet would be best because it doesn't have any negative side effects.

Show or Reveal the Answer

B: Fasting can cause the metabolism to slow down, so it would be better to follow a well-balanced diet that has reduced calories.

Question: Lent is a fad diet that can be harmful to vital organs. Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

False

Question: When comparing convenience diet food to organic foods, we can conclude __________.

A: that organic food is more expensive
B: that convenience food has more additives
C: that organic food has less nutrition
D: that convenience food is better for you

Show or Reveal the Answer

B: that convenience food has more additives

Question: Diets not only correct health problems, they can also cause health problems. Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

True

Question: A patient comes to the emergency room with very low potassium and dehydration. The doctor would want to ask if this patient has __________.

A: been following a liquid diet
B: been using diet pills recently
C: been taking diuretics
D: been following a low-carbohydrate diet

Show or Reveal the Answer

C: been taking diuretics

Question: After a surgical weight loss procedure, which behavior would the doctor be most likely to recommend to the patient?

A: to eat a high-calorie, balanced diet
B: to take diuretics
C: to use a liquid diet
D: to take vitamin and mineral supplements

Show or Reveal the Answer

D: to take vitamin and mineral supplements

Question: An 18-year-old girl was taken to the hospital with high blood pressure and headaches. Doctors noticed that she looked very thin and discovered she had a heart problem. After talking with her, the doctor discovered that her symptoms were caused by dieting. Which type of diet would most likely cause these types of difficulties?

A: fasting diets
B: low-carbohydrate diets
C: diet pills
D: diuretics

Show or Reveal the Answer

C: diet pills

Question: Lacto-ovo vegetarians would not eat __________.

A: meat or dairy
B: meat
C: eggs or dairy
D: dairy

Show or Reveal the Answer

B: meat

Question: You want to lose weight and have been trying to decide which type of fad diet is best for you. You ask your doctor, who responds that __________.

A: fad diets are a temporary fix but generally don't have any side effects
B: fad diets can be used several times a year to maintain a healthy weight
C: fad diets can be risky for your health and, in the long run, do not work
D: fad diets should never be used one right after the other; there should be a break between them

Show or Reveal the Answer

C: fad diets can be risky for your health and, in the long run, do not work

Question: Planning meals in advance helps to control portions.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Question: If an individual eats foods that do not contain any dairy and only drinks soy milk, he or she most likely has a problem digesting __________.

A: fats
B: cholesterol
C: lactose
D: sugars

Show or Reveal the Answer

C: lactose

Question: Scott is a young man whose body has trouble processing sugar. The BEST diet for him to follow is one that is __________.

A: low in fat
B: low in carbohydrates
C: low in salt
D: low in protein

Show or Reveal the Answer

B: low in carbohydrates

Unit 4: Body Image and Eating Disorders

Question: Family members cannot typically treat a loved one's eating disorder because __________.

A: they don't have enough time or money
B: they don't have enough patience or knowledge
C: they don't have enough patience or courage
D: they don't have enough knowledge or resources

Show or Reveal the Answer

D: they don't have enough knowledge or resources

Question: Which of the following is NOT something an athlete needs in a healthy diet?

A: vitamins
B: supplements
C: carbohydrates
D: fats

Show or Reveal the Answer

B: supplements

Question: Purging, excessive dieting, and excessive exercising are symptoms of __________.

A: anorexia nervosa
B: binge eating disorder
C: disordered eating
D: bulimia nervosa

Show or Reveal the Answer

D: bulimia nervosa

Question: Professional treatment for an eating disorder includes all of the following EXCEPT:

A: physical therapy
B: nutritional counseling
C: psychotherapy
D: residential treatment

Show or Reveal the Answer

A: physical therapy

Question: People with sedentary lifestyles have completely different nutritional needs than those with athletic lifestyles. Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

FALSE

Question: Disordered eating is often __________.

A: an eating disorder that affects numerous teens
B: caused by eating irregularly over short periods
C: a precursor for developing a disorder, but not a disorder on its own

Show or Reveal the Answer

C: a precursor for developing a disorder, but not a disorder on its own

Question: Body image can affect a person's health.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Question: Parents are a large factor in how their children perceive their bodies.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Question: People with an eating disorder can seek professional help to overcome their disorder or can wait until the disorder goes away on its own.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

FALSE

Question: Older adults don't suffer from body image problems because they are more accepting of who they are.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

FALSE

Question: An eating disorder may start out as a slightly irregular pattern of eating.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Question: A complete definition of body image includes how intelligent one believes him or herself to be.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

FALSE

Question: Regular exercise is critical to all age groups in maintaining body composition.

A: TRUE
B: FALSE

Show or Reveal the Answer

TRUE

Question: Which eating disorder causes people to see themselves as fat, regardless of what they actually weigh?

A: anorexia nervosa
B: bulimia nervosa
C: binge eating disorder
D: compulsive overeating

Show or Reveal the Answer

A: anorexia nervosa

Question: A person suffering from anorexia nervosa typically suffers from which of the following health issues?

A: low blood pressure
B: thin/weak bones
C: damage to internal organs
D: all of the above

Show or Reveal the Answer

D: all of the above

Question: Eating disorders are caused by all of the following factors EXCEPT:

A: psychological factors
B: genetic factors
C: economic class
D: financial factors

Show or Reveal the Answer

C: economic class