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Speaking and Listening: Planning a Multimedia Presentation

Which are types of third-person point of view? Check all that apply.
limited
personal
omniscient
capable
infinite

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limited
omniscient

The context of a piece of writing is the
environment in which it was written.
denotative meaning of its language.
author's ideas about a specific topic.
central idea and how it is developed.

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environment in which it was written.

Read the excerpt from Outcasts United.
Tryouts were to be held on the field of the Clarkston Community Center, an old brick and cream-colored clapboard building on Indian Creek Drive. At the time, the center was run by an energetic African American named Chris Holliday and governed by a board of trustees made up mostly of longtime Clarkston residents. But it was the refugee community that seemed to really embrace the center.
The person point of view is used in this excerpt.

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third

Read the excerpt from Outcasts United.
A few minutes later, Luma arrived. Members of the Under Fifteens and Seventeens were warming up when she walked onto the field past Fornatee, without making eye contact. Luma blew her whistle and told the two teams to gather at opposite ends of the field.
She's more than a coach—that's why, Fornatee said, almost to himself. "She's a great person. I'm going to go over there and tell her, 'That's my team.'"
Fornatee hesitated. I asked him if he was nervous about talking to Coach. He laughed anxiously, then composed himself.
Nah—I'm not nervous, he said.
What conclusion can be drawn about this scene based on the narrator's decision to write in the first-person point of view?
The narrator experienced this event in person.
The narrator also wants to play on the team.
The narrator is an expert soccer player.
The narrator longs to be a part of the story.

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The narrator experienced this event in person.

Read the excerpt from Roosevelt's "Four Freedoms" speech.
Since the beginning of our American history, we have been engaged in change—in a perpetual peaceful revolution—a revolution which goes on steadily, quietly adjusting itself to changing conditions—without the concentration camp or the quick-lime in the ditch. The world order which we seek is the cooperation of free countries, working together in a friendly, civilized society.
This nation has placed its destiny in the hands and heads and hearts of its millions of free men and women; and its faith in freedom under the guidance of God. Freedom means the supremacy of human rights everywhere. Our support goes to those who struggle to gain those rights or keep them. Our strength is our unity of purpose. To that high concept there can be no end save victory.
What were the intended effects of the rhetorical appeals used in this section of Roosevelt's speech? Select 3 options.
to describe for Americans the potential dangers of not joining in the war
to remind Americans that they have always stood and fought for democracy
to convince Americans that joining in the war was the absolute right thing to do
to encourage Americans to enlist in the military so as to help fight in the war
to persuade Americans that support for the war would ultimately lead to victory

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to remind Americans that they have always stood and fought for democracy
to convince Americans that joining in the war was the absolute right thing to do
to persuade Americans that support for the war would ultimately lead to victory

The recurrence of words or phrases in a rhetorical device is known as
allusion.
rhythm.
repetition.
opinion.

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repetition.

Which line from President Reagan's Address at Moscow State University shows that one purpose of the speech was to build connections between the Soviet Union and the US?
I led my union out on strike, and I'm proud to say we won.
We Americans make no secret of our belief in freedom.
Our ties to you are more than ones of good feeling; they're ties of kinship.
Democracy is the standard by which governments are measured.

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Our ties to you are more than ones of good feeling; they're ties of kinship.

Chronological order is useful when a writer wants to help readers understand
the points of view of several characters.
any events that happened previously.
details and connections about the story's events.
how two different elements compare to each other.

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details and connections about the story's events.

Read the excerpt from "A Quilt of a Country."
What is the point of this splintered whole? What is the point of a nation in which Arab cabbies chauffeur Jewish passengers through the streets of New York—and in which Jewish cabbies chauffeur Arab passengers, too, and yet speak in theory of hatred, one for the other?
In this excerpt, the use of the word splintered has which type of connotation?
positive
negative
abstract
neutral

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negative

Read the excerpt from "A Quilt of a Country."
America is an improbable idea. A mongrel nation built of ever-changing disparate parts, it is held together by a notion, the notion that all men are created equal, though everyone knows that most men consider themselves better than someone. "Of all the nations in the world, the United States was built in nobody's image," the historian Daniel Boorstin wrote. That's because it was built of bits and pieces that seem discordant, like the crazy quilts that have been one of its great folk-art forms, velvet and calico and checks and brocades. Out of many, one. That is the ideal.
Which techniques does the author use to develop her idea in this excerpt? Check all that apply.
metaphors
facts and statistics
contradictions
neutral language
loaded language
imagery

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metaphors
contradictions
loaded language
imagery

A science teacher gives the following speech.
Prepare a brief speech to accompany your science project. The speech will be presented to a faculty panel selected as judges. Include a summary of your hypothesis, methods, and results. Provide an explanation of any pictures or charts on your poster. Also, please share any complications you encountered during the science fair process.
Who is the intended audience for the teacher's speech?
young students
peers at the science fair
teacher evaluators
science professionals

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young students

Read the excerpt from Outcasts United.
Teachers learned to call Luma when her players' parents couldn't be found or were at work. The families showed their gratitude by offering Luma tea and inviting her to dinner. Luma felt needed, and couldn't help but notice how much better this kind of work felt than running Ashton's. In fact, Ashton's was losing money—and fast. Luma was worried. She didn't want to disappoint her investors, and she had wanted more than anything to prove to her parents that she could succeed on her own. But lately, she had begun to wonder how much longer she could keep the place open.
Whose thoughts and feelings are revealed by the narrator?
the families'
Luma's
the investors'
the narrator's

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Luma's

Read the excerpt from Roosevelt's "Four Freedoms" speech.
In the future days, which we seek to make secure, we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms.
What effect does Roosevelt hope to have on Americans with this appeal to emotion?
to convince them that they should be fearful should they decide not to fight
to inform them that it is their duty to fight for democracy around the world
to inform them that he is knowledgeable about what lies ahead for America
to convince them that they must fight today to secure tomorrow's freedoms

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to convince them that they must fight today to secure tomorrow's freedoms

Read the excerpt from Obama's Second Inaugural Address.
For the American people can no more meet the demands of today's world by acting alone than American soldiers could have met the forces of fascism or communism with muskets and militias. No single person can train all the math and science teachers we'll need to equip our children for the future, or build the roads and networks and research labs that will bring new jobs and businesses to our shores. Now, more than ever, we must do these things together, as one nation and one people.
How is President Obama using an appeal to reason, or logos, in this excerpt?
by explaining why each person must work hard in order to succeed
by explaining why working together is necessary for success
by explaining why attempts at working together in the past failed
by explaining why each person must look out for him or her self

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by explaining why working together is necessary for success

Read the excerpt from Obama's Second Inaugural Address.
This generation of Americans has been tested by crises that steeled our resolve and proved our resilience. A decade of war is now ending. An economic recovery has begun. America's possibilities are limitless, for we possess all the qualities that this world without boundaries demands: youth and drive; diversity and openness; an endless capacity for risk and a gift for reinvention. My fellow Americans, we are made for this moment, and we will seize it -- so long as we seize it together.
What is President Obama's purpose in this section of the speech?
to inform the American people about his plans for the future of the country
to highlight to the American people the importance of personal success
to inspire the American people to collectively work toward a better future
to show the American people that success is more fulfilling as a group

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to inspire the American people to collectively work toward a better future

Read the excerpt from Obama's Second Inaugural Address.
We know that America thrives when every person can find independence and pride in their work; when the wages of honest labor liberate families from the brink of hardship. We are true to our creed when a little girl born into the bleakest poverty knows that she has the same chance to succeed as anybody else, because she is an American; she is free, and she is equal.
Read the excerpt from President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's "New Deal" speech from 1932.
What do the people of America want more than anything else? To my mind, they want two things: work, with all the moral and spiritual values that go with it; and with work, a reasonable measure of security--security for themselves and for their wives and children. Work and security--these are more than words. They are more than facts. They are the spiritual values.
Which idea is emphasized in both speeches?
the idea that hard work breeds both satisfaction and dignity
the idea that those who work hard deserve to be treated fairly
the idea that only those who work hard deserve respect
the idea that hard work and sacrifice lead to success

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the idea that hard work breeds both satisfaction and dignity

Read the excerpt from Obama's Second Inaugural Address.
Through blood drawn by lash and blood drawn by sword, we learned that no union founded on the principles of liberty and equality could survive half-slave and half-free. We made ourselves anew, and vowed to move forward together.
What type of rhetorical appeal does President Obama use in this section of the speech?
an appeal to credibility
an appeal to reason
an appeal to emotion
an appeal to character

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an appeal to emotion

Read the excerpt from Obama's Second Inaugural Address.
But we have always understood that when times change, so must we; that fidelity to our founding principles requires new responses to new challenges; that preserving our individual freedoms ultimately requires collective action. For the American people can no more meet the demands of today's world by acting alone than American soldiers could have met the forces of fascism or communism with muskets and militias. No single person can train all the math and science teachers we'll need to equip our children for the future, or build the roads and networks and research labs that will bring new jobs and businesses to our shores. Now, more than ever, we must do these things together, as one nation and one people.
How is the underlined portion of this excerpt best characterized?
as fact
as a substantiated opinion
as evidence
as an unsubstantiated opinion

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as a substantiated opinion

Read the excerpt from "Finding Unity in the Alabama Coal Mines."
Nevertheless, the UMWA was able to bridge the racial divide in that state, forming a powerful interracial labor union fifty years before the civil rights movement of the 1950s and '60s would make racial integration the rule of the land.
What is the connotation of the word powerful?
muscular
loud
energetic
influential

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influential

Read the excerpt from "Finding Unity in the Alabama Coal Mines."
The southern state of Alabama was a stronghold for Jim Crow practices. Nevertheless, the UMWA was able to bridge the racial divide in that state, forming a powerful interracial labor union fifty years before the civil rights movement of the 1950s and '60s would make racial integration the rule of the land.
In the context of Alabama in the 1900s, the UMWA was culturally and historically significant because it
supported the civil rights movement.
was a segregated organization.
was an interracial organization.
supported coal mining companies.

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was an interracial organization.

Which excerpt from "Finding Unity in the Alabama Coal Mines" best supports the theme "When people work together through difficult times, they can impact future generations"?
Although racial separation was embraced by many, there were some individuals and organizations that worked toward unity of the races.
When the miners still continued to strike, Alabama Governor Braxton Bragg Comer sent in state militia members to break up the tent city, resulting in the end of the work stoppage.
Members of the UMWA, however, resisted the tradition of racial separation, believing that such divisions defeated their common goals.
Although the strike was defeated, the unity of the UMWA workers laid the groundwork for successful interracial organizing in the decades to come.

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Although the strike was defeated, the unity of the UMWA workers laid the groundwork for successful interracial organizing in the decades to come.

Read the excerpt from "Finding Unity in the Alabama Coal Mines."
The UMWA's efforts were so successful that they influenced practices in other trade unions as well. In 1901, arguments raised by UMWA members led to the repeal of discriminatory practices at the Birmingham Trades Council, the organization to which all unions in the city of Birmingham belonged.
Two years later, in 1903, the coal companies began to assert significant power against the union, denying union contracts and instituting policies of hiring only non-union employees. In 1908, under the auspices of the Alabama Coal Operators Association, company owners voted to cut worker wages by seventeen percent.
What is the effect of telling this story in chronological order?
It helps the reader understand how the UMWA affected labor movements through history.
It helps the reader understand how the UMWA and the coal companies began working toward the same goal.
It helps the reader understand how the coal companies responded to the repeal of discriminatory practices.
It helps the reader understand how the coal companies eventually started following nondiscriminatory practices.

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It helps the reader understand how the UMWA affected labor movements through history.

Which excerpt from the letter to the editor includes an opinion?
Our city currently has a dense downtown area and then a massive amount of sprawl reaching out in every direction—the sprawl takes up seventy-five percent of the city's land.
We need to ask for a change at this critical juncture, as our city rapidly expands at an unprecedented rate.
The residents who live in these faraway suburbs often work downtown, where the majority of businesses are still located.
Besides the business district, the city university, our two museums, and the most popular places to shop—including four grocery stores—are all in the center of the city, to name just a few key places.

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Besides the business district, the city university, our two museums, and the most popular places to shop—including four grocery stores—are all in the center of the city, to name just a few key places.

Which sentence is the best hook for a speech persuading a community to build a skate park?
ANSWER: Did you know that skateboarding has become one of the three most popular participation sports in the US?

What should be added to the image to best support the claim "Every driver should wear a seat belt"?
ANSWER: a fact about seat belts preventing injuries in car accidents

Read the presentation assignment a teacher requires before summer vacation begins.
Research the risks of summer vacation. Determine the leading causes of accidents and injuries for local youth. Your sources must include at least one interview, such as a doctor, camp counselor, or lifeguard. Create a presentation that explains your findings and will prepare your classmates for the months ahead.
What is the purpose of this presentation?
ANSWER: to provide information

Which image best supports the claim that community races are a great way to encourage people of all ages to exercise?
ANSWER: 1

Read this conclusion.
I am grateful that so many people came to support the library. I assert again that the library should not be demolished. There are several reasons to maintain this building in its current location. Please let your voice be heard in tomorrow's county meeting. Cast your vote in favor of this prized institution.
To best strengthen this conclusion, the writer should
ANSWER: summarize key points.

Prepare a brief speech to accompany your science project. The speech will be presented to a faculty panel selected as judges. Who is the intended audience for the teacher's speech?
ANSWER: young students

Read the claim.
Lacrosse should become a varsity sport at our school.
Which reasons support this claim? Check all that apply.
ANSWER: The school lacrosse club has thirty-five regular attendees.
Funding is available for one sport to be added.
Other high school lacrosse teams are seeking opponents.


Read the claim and reason.
Claim: Our school cafeteria should offer more meatless main dishes.
Reason: There are a significant number of vegetarians attending our school.
What evidence best supports the student's reason?
ANSWER: The results of a student survey suggest that twenty-three percent of the students consider themselves vegetarians.

Read the claim and reason.
Claim: Our school should start a Shakespearean student society.
Reason: Students are introduced to Shakespeare's writing once they enter high school.
What evidence best supports the student's reason?
ANSWER: Three Shakespearean plays are studied in ninth grade, including the tragedy Romeo and Juliet.

Which reasons support the claim that the study of a foreign language should be required for high school graduation? Check all that apply.
ANSWER: Knowledge of languages and cultures enhances students' global knowledge.
A wide range of course selections helps students discover their passions.
Decoding foreign languages promotes greater understanding of English.

Which is the most reliable source for a presentation about the history of Washington, DC's Smithsonian museums?
ANSWER: smithsonianinstitute.edu

What should be added to this image to best support the claim "Recycling household waste benefits the environment"?
ANSWER: a heading and brief supporting evidence

Thank you for your attention. As I have mentioned many times, I believe Ms. Sanchez deserves to be our school's Teacher of the Year for 2013.
How can the writer best strengthen the conclusion?
ANSWER: by issuing a call to action

What should be added to this image to best support the claim "Every section of the brain has a unique function"?
ANSWER: labels for the parts of the brain

Review your class notes about nutrition. Decide what you consider the most important rule of good nutrition for high school students.
Write a claim and support it with reasons and evidence. Which statement best expresses a strong claim for this assignment?
ANSWER: Eating breakfast is the key to adolescent good health because it recharges energy levels, boosts brain function, and promotes healthy choices.

This image would best enhance a presentation to a group of
ANSWER: sixth graders interested in good nutrition.

Which sentences state a claim? Check all that apply.
ANSWER: Students should have vision tests before they can operate motor vehicles.
Driving classes should add instruction about the dangers of texting and driving.
Behind-the-wheel courses ought to include driving time on local highways.

Writing a persuasive e-mail
Which statement best exemplifies a strong persuasive claim?
a) Teachers often communicate with families via newsletters and e-mails.
b) Parents of school-age children appreciate information from schools.
c) Offices are trying to reduce paper usage through reuse and recycling efforts.
d) School communications should be sent electronically to conserve paper.

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d) School communications should be sent electronically to conserve paper.

Which sentence uses transitions most effectively?
a) Reducing paper usage benefits the school; for example, money previously budgeted for paper could be spent on creative instructional materials.
b) Reducing paper usage benefits the school due to money previously budgeted for paper being spent on creative instructional materials.
c) Reducing paper usage benefits the school; however, money previously budgeted for paper could be spent on creative instructional materials.
d) Reducing paper usage benefits the school; also, money previously budgeted for paper could be spent on creative instructional materials.

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a) Reducing paper usage benefits the school; for example, money previously budgeted for paper could be spent on creative instructional materials.

Which sentence uses transitions most effectively?
a) Additional hours of road practice might delay driver licensure; for instance, new drivers would be better prepared to navigate the roads safely.
b) Additional hours of road practice might delay driver licensure, since new drivers would be better prepared to navigate the roads safely.
c) Additional hours of road practice might delay driver licensure; in addition, new drivers would be better prepared to navigate the roads safely.
d) Additional hours of road practice might delay driver licensure; however, new drivers would be better prepared to navigate the roads safely.

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d) Additional hours of road practice might delay driver licensure; however, new drivers would be better prepared to navigate the roads safely.

What are the components of a formal tone? Check all that apply.
standard spelling
familiar slang terms
lively dialogue
a clear and direct purpose
appropriate transitions

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standard spelling
a clear and direct purpose
appropriate transitions

Which statement best defines ethos as a rhetorical device?
a) Ethos appeals to readers' sense of reason.
b) Ethos appeals to readers' emotions or sentiments.
c) Ethos promotes the credibility or character of the speaker.
d) Ethos promotes the kindness or compassion of the speaker.

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c) Ethos promotes the credibility or character of the speaker.

Which statement best explains the function of an e-mail subject line?
a) The subject line is a friendly greeting.
b) The subject line is a clever saying or logo.
c) The subject line states the purpose or topic.
d) The subject line establishes common ground.

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c) The subject line states the purpose or topic.

Which statement best describes the purpose of a conclusion in a persuasive letter?
a) The conclusion should restate the claim and describe the research.
b) The conclusion should summarize the claim and call readers to action.
c) The conclusion should emphasize the claim and cite literary sources.
d) The conclusion should rebut the claim and offer alternative solutions.

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b) The conclusion should summarize the claim and call readers to action.

Which heading best exemplifies the format for an e-mail subject line?
a) Uniforms Are a Good Call for All!
b) Aren't you tired of picking out clothes for school?
c) Consider a vote in favor of school uniforms.
d) Hey, let's put an end to the trends

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c) a vote in favor of school uniforms

Read the claim. A student tutoring program should be established so that peers can help one another.
Which statement best uses pathos to support this claim?
a) Honor Roll students could offer homework help to students with specific academic needs.
b) With careful student pairings, academics would improve and new friendships would form.
c) Last spring, nearly twenty percent of all geometry students visited the guidance center to find a tutor.
d) Families often complain about the cost of tutors, but a student-run program would be free.

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b) With careful student pairings, academics would improve and new friendships would form.

Which audiences require a formal tone? Check all that apply.
teachers
friends
employers
policy makers
family members

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teachers
employers
policy makers

Which sentence is appropriate for a formal e-mail?
a) Kids shouldn't have to guess about how to save their money.
b) I mean, if kids can learn how to stash their cash, they will benefit.
c) A personal finance class could hook kids up with advice about money.
d) Schools should offer personal finance classes to teach basic economics.

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d) Schools should offer personal finance classes to teach basic economics.